The Steelyard

यह पुस्तक आपको कितनी अच्छी लगी?
फ़ाइल की गुणवत्ता क्या है?
पुस्तक की गुणवत्ता का मूल्यांकन करने के लिए यह पुस्तक डाउनलोड करें
डाउनलोड की गई फ़ाइलों की गुणवत्ता क्या है?
Notes and Queries
August, 1926
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Conversion to is in progress
Conversion to is failed

अपनी समीक्षा पोस्ट करने के लिए साइन इन करें या साइन अप करें
आप पुस्तक समीक्षा लिख सकते हैं और अपना अनुभव साझा कर सकते हैं. पढ़ूी हुई पुस्तकों के बारे में आपकी राय जानने में अन्य पाठकों को दिलचस्पी होगी. भले ही आपको किताब पसंद हो या न हो, अगर आप इसके बारे में ईमानदारी से और विस्तार से बताएँगे, तो लोग अपने लिए नई रुचिकर पुस्तकें खोज पाएँगे.

Christmas as place-name

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A Spanish Charm

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AUUCST 7, 1926. -

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In 1858 DY. Haughton read a paper before
the Eastern name of Hiim'mums or the
Italian name of Bagnios. These were the Royul Dublin Society on " Hot-Air
avowedly on the principle of the Turkish Baths," which, we read, led to the establishment of Turkish Baths as they exist to-day.
A. L. Cox.
rpHE STEELYARD (cli. 46).—It would be
There is a Stew Lane off Upper Thames *• difficult to find how many persons were
Street, near Queenhithe Dock in the City, employed in the Steelyard, as its existence
and of this place Stow says: "The next is covered a very long period. As to its extent
Stew Lane, of a stew or hot house there some idea may be gathered from Pennant,
kept." What a stew-house used to be can who states that it was placed west of Poultbe gathered from the - following information ney Inn or Shrewsbury House and east of
given by Alan Stapleton in his book ' London Dowgate. He. traces its origin to 979 A.D.
and derives its names from Stael-hoff or
Alleys, Byways and Courts ' on p. 126:
Stew Lane, the narrow passage leading to Stapel-hoff " the general house of trade of
the Stew Quay, had the unsavoury reputation the'German nation." In Pennant's time it
of being the embarkation place for the ladies was the great repository of imported iron and
(who, in the reign of Edward III, were " ,fche quantity of bars that fill the yards and
ordered to " wear striped hoods of party warehouses
of this quarter strike with
colours and their garments tl»e wrong side
ontwards") on their passage across the river astonishment the most indifferent beholder."
Mr. Ditchfield in ' London Survivals ' states
to the " Bordello "• or " Stews."
The passage across the river took the that the " storehouses of the Guilda Aula
parties to Bankside where, according to your Teutonicorum w; ere established in 1250 in •
correspondent, Sir William Walworth Thames Street and became known as the
owned " stew houses."' These establishments Steelyard." Their Hall was large with
were thus houses of " cleansing," but not three arched gates towards the street. Later
the adjoining house of Richard Lions with
exactly bath houses.
a convenient wharf on the river was added
and yet later the large house of John RainIn the section of ' Old London's Spas, well was rented. " This Guildhall must have
Baths and Wells' by Septimus Sunderland, been a large and comely building."
M.D. (published 1915) dealing with Sweating John Leake's map of the ruins of London
(Bell's 'Great Fire') a space for the " StyleBaths it is stated:
yard " appears which measures about 150
Shakespeare and Ben Jonsqn mention the
feet. Cunningham refers his readers
sweating baths in their writings under the xfor50further
information to the Fire of
name of " hot-houses " . . . Towards the end
of the seventeenth century sweating baths were London papers, additional MS-S. in the
made popular in London under the Italian British Museum, vol. xix, art 7. In a
name of " Bagnio " (place for sweating), or map of London circa 1560 the word " styllthe Arabic name of Hummum" (a warm yarde " indicates its.position.
bath); these were on the principle of the
Roman hot-air or vapour-baths.
96, High Road, East Kncbley.
Reference is made to the Duke's Bath or
The Steelyard was a place on the Thames,
Bagnio as erected near the west end of Long
Acre, in that spot of ground called " Salis- lying between Dowgate west and All Hallows
bury Stables." This was improved in 1686 Lane east, and extending north to Upper
Thames Street, and it was occupied as a
and" reopened as the " King's Bagnio."
The Bagnio (Royal Bagnio) in Bagnio Court Guild-Hail for many centuries by the merIt was
(altered to Bath Street in 1843), Newgate chants of the Hanseatic League.
Street, was built by Turkish merchants, and varyingly called " Le Steelyerde," " Stilefirst opened in December, 1679, for sweating, hof," "Stealhof," "Stileyerd," "Stylehot bathing, and cupping; four shillings was yard," " Stylliarde," etc., the first mention
the charge to each person, and certain days of it being in the reign of Richard II. In
were reserved for ladies.
The Hummums existed in Covent Garden in 1475 the merchants acquired the grant of a
a house situated in the south-east corner of place called the " Stileyerd," " lately belongthe market-place. It was destroyed by fire, and ine, to John Reynwell, in the parish of
two hotels—the "Old Hummums" and the Alhalowen the More, in Thamystrete in the
" New Hummums "—were erected on the site. ward of Dowgate" (Cal. P. R, Edw. IV,
The present modern " Hummums " Hotel now 1467-77, p. 509). This place and Hie suroccupies the spot.

AUGUST 7, 1926.




Bees, sing softly—bees, sing low,
He is dead who loved you so,


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rounding property continued in the occupa- m t l T I S H SCANDINAVIAN SOCIETY
tion of the Hanseatic League until 1598, •" (cli. 62).—On or about 1870 there existed
when the merchants were commanded to quit at 80-81, Strand, the Scandinavian Club.
the Steelyard and leave the Kingdom forth- Whether the Swedish Minister, Baron C. F.
with, the Hall being taken possession of to L. Hochshild was its first president is not
" be used and employed for the better bestow- known to me, but it is possible, as Baron
ing and safe custodie of divers provisions of H. was accredited in London during 1866-76.
the navy." Many of the merchants con- This club became later on the B.V, Society
tinued to reside in the Steelyard and its (Baresarks and Vikings). The Chancellor of
immediate vicinity, and when the Hall was I the Swedish Legation, Portland Place, may
destroyed in the Great Fire, the merchants j be able to give further particulars to your
rebuilt many of their houses. The trade of the ! correspondent. There is also a Viking
Steelyard was general in character until the . Society in London still active—of Angloeighteenth century, but in later times it was j Scandinavian character,
almost confined to the iron trade. The site i
was sold in 1853 to the South Eastern BailrTTAmw* T
way Co. ami the warehouses demolished about ! T
1865 for the erection of Cannon Street J
(d. 390).—Has not the executioner of
Charles I been proved to be Richard BranFor further information see Wheatley's i don, the public executioner of that period 1
' London Past and Present'; Harben's ' A ! It may be interesting to state that at the
Dictionary of London;' Arehmologia, Vol. • entrance to the chancel of the Parish Church
lxi., pt. 2, p. 389; Lappenberg's ' Urkund- , of Sheffield lies buried William Walker of
liche Geschichte des Hansischen Stahlhofes;" Darnall, who for a long time was believed
and for views of the later buildings occupy- to have been the executioner of Charles I.
In the British Museum there is a copy
ing the site, Archer's ' Vestiges of Old
of ' Vindiciae contra Tyrannos' (translated)
attached to which is a manuscript note sayABCHIBALB SPABKE.
ing that the work was translated by William
EE FOLK-LORE (cxlix. 192, 247, 283, Walker
of Darnall, near Sheffield, Yorkshire,
393).—The Somerset County Herald for the person
who cut off King Charles's head.
July 24 says : —

! Spennymoor.
The above couplet, by his own request, was! VXHOJNU MJiJN (cl. Ail, .394; cli. 88).—In
printed on the memorial card of Sir. Alfred ! " the Monthly Chronicle of North Country
George Gambrill, one of the most noted bee '. Lore and Legend, May, 1890, isis an
an article
experts in the country, who has died at Rich— ---- entitled ' Strong Men : the Commons,' which
mond, Surrey, aged 71.
gives an account of a powerful Northumbrian
A. L. Cox.
family who resided at Denwick near Alnwick.
NAMES OF MILITARY A member of this family, John Common,
ORIGIN (cxlix. 100, 158, 195, 228, 268, a pioneer of the reaping-machine, is dealt
338, 374, cl. 106, 393).—The following occur with at 13 S. i. 333.
in Nottingham: — Col. Burnaby, Col.
The late W. W. Tomlinson 'Comprehensive
Hutchinson, Adjutant White, Old General, Guide to Northumberland' mentions, in conGeneral Garibaldi, General Gordon, Alma, nection with the village of Welton situated
Riflleman, and Hero of Waterloo.
about a dozen miles west of Newcastle on
New Basford has the Rifle Volunteer; the line of the Roman Wall, that it was the
Retford, the Riflemen's Arms; Newark, residence of a " strong man " known as Old
General Duke William; Bulwell, the Scots Will o' Welton. His initials W. W. and
date 1614 are to be seen over the lintel of the
In Lincolnshire there are : —General Gor- back door of Welton Hall. He is said,
don at Stamford ; Lord Roberts, Scunthorpe; when old and blind, to have, with the
Lord Raglan, Horncastle; Napoleon, Skir- greatest ease, snapped in two an iron plough
beck; Sebastopol, Minting; Sedan, North coulter, observing " Men's banes are nought
but girsels (gristles) to what they were in
At 12 S. iv. 46 mention is made of the my day."
Heroes of Jutland at Portsmouth.
A. L. Cox.